I've always been a fan of Paul Dorpat's "Now & Then" feature in the Seattle Times. I noticed a guy in the UK was making composited cross-time images by matching Google's Street View with vintage photos. I made some of my own -- Handy way to time travel without leaving the house, though I sometimes do take the present day shots when things don't align. All images can be clicked to see a larger size.

Saturday, December 27, 2014

2 Million Bricks


This site at 7th and Madison housed four different school buildings over a 75 year period, concluding with this impressive edifice. Seattle's Central School was opened in 1889 and was almost immediately overcrowded, forcing the district to rent annex space from a number of nearby churches. As the 20th century unfolded the school had the opposite problem as downtown residences were replaced with office buildings. After surviving social and economic shifts and several earthquakes, the school was demolished in 1953. The lot was leased for parking until the site gave way to the construction of Interstate 5 in the early 1960s.

 

Sunday, November 2, 2014

An Embarrassment of Riches

My work took me to Bordeaux, France last week, so I thought I'd have a little fun remixing images from that part of the world. Making cross-time composites seems easier in a town where buildings are routinely hundreds of years old. The city is so absolutely crammed with landmarks that show up in countless paintings and photographs it's hard to choose.

It's also interesting from an urban planning standpoint: Most buildings in the heart of Bordeaux are carefully protected and preserved so very little has changed appreciably since they were first constructed. Compared to my Seattle images, where entire city blocks have been replaced multiple times during a scant 100 years, it seems like Bordeaux is preserved in amber.


The two buildings to the far right are actually in this painting by Louis Burgade from 1835. This is a view from the then-busy quay of Chartrons; one of several key piers that comprised the heart of commercial shipping to and from Bordeaux. The building where I worked for most of last week is a couple hundred yards to the right.


Bordeaux has many great avenues filled with restaurants and shops. Here we have a postcard view of the intersection of Cours Victor Hugo and Rue Sainte-Catherine from 1905 featuring a "Federal and Presidential" festival. The street hasn't changed much. Lining up buildings is incredibly easy when relatively little changes for hundreds of years.


The occupation of France was a painful chapter and Bordeaux was no exception. Here, Wehrmacht troops parade with a marching band at Place de la Comedie in 1942.

 
This merges a painting by Pierre Lacour and dates to the 1804-1806 timeframe. Lacour was facing in the opposite direction and slightly south of the viewpoint in the other painting.
 

Monday, October 20, 2014

City of Destiny


I had a request for cross-time images set in Tacoma. Fortunately, the "City of Destiny" has preserved a wealth of beautiful old buildings, which makes aligning past and present images much easier. Here's a view looking roughly southeast, shot by Tacoma photographer Paul Richards in 1910. Richards' shot looks across the Puyallup and Foss Waterways to the industrial heart of New Tacoma with "Mount Tacoma," as many called Rainier at the time, looming in the distance. Tacoma's old City Hall can still be seen near the foot of South Stadium Way, along with the pointy-topped dome of the Northern Pacific Building. The view from the roadway is only visible during the Fall and Winter these days -- a wall of white maple trees have put the intervening 100+ years to good use.

 

Saturday, October 18, 2014

Kitsap War Years

 
The postcard image was listed as a "1930s" street scene from Bremerton, but the movie marquee at the Tower Theater tells a different story. "What A Woman" starring Rosalind Russell premiered in 1943 so the scene dates to the heyday of my hometown -- The war years when the intense level of activity at the ship yard swelled Bremerton's population to 80,000. It's never matched that number again, but that's just as well. Many images from the time show shipyard workers living in hastily built shacks as the town struggled to house its mushrooming workforce.
 
The Tower Theater at 522 4th Street was one of a good half dozen movie theaters in downtown Bremerton. Those that weren't irreparably damaged by the quake of 1949 (like the Rialto) fell victim to the shifting economics of the region and were mostly gone by the 1960s.
 

Sunday, September 21, 2014

The Glory Days of "The Silver Slug"



The iconic and awesome Kalakala… Few vessels ever matched it for look and style. After its completion at the Kirkland Shipyards, Kalakala began service between Seattle and Bremerton in 1935. It was an immediate sensation and for a time was the second-most photographed object in America (after the Statue of Liberty). It sailed the Bremerton-Seattle run and other duties well into the 1960’s. Most Seattleites know the story of the vessel languishing on a beach in Kodiak, Alaska as part of seafood processing operation and its eventual “rescue” in 1998. Sadly, the once-revolutionary ferry is now rusting away on Tacoma’s Hylebos Waterway, still in sore need of repair and restoration.
 
The Colman ferry dock itself has been rebuilt quite a few times due to fire, catastrophic ship collisions and the usual march of progress. In this image both terminal buildings are slated for destruction. The current building will be replaced as part of Seattle’s ambitious waterfront project as a spiffy multimodal transit hub planned for completion around 2021. Behind Kalakala the previous Art Deco style terminal building is, like the ferry, also a relic of the 30s. Both would be history by the end of the 1960’s.
 
But this picture recalls a better time for the streamlined ferry. Here we see its stainless steel exterior gleaming in the sun in a photo taken by Frank Shaw in the late 1950s or early 1960s. Behind, we can see how the Seattle skyline has mushroomed in the last 50 years.

 

Thursday, September 18, 2014

More Time Travel News

http://www.quirksee.org/2014/09/18/cross-time-photos-show-snapshots-of-seattles-past-and-present-side-by-side/

Well, it's not technically time travel so much as time comparison, but you get the idea. The latest coverage to hit the Seattle area news-o-sphere is up on KPLU's Quirksee website. It's really gratifying to see the great response to these images. Seriously -- I only made them for fun, thinking I'd just share them with a few Facebook friends. After they appeared on Reddit things went a little insane, but fun!

 

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Then & Again On The Air!

 
I did a little interview with Evening Magazine, a local news and human interest show on KING-5 here in the Northwest. We talked about my cross-time images and some of the underlying ideas that motivate me to make them.
 
You can see the segment online here:

http://www.king5.com/story/entertainment/television/programs/evening-magazine/2014/09/17/clayton-kauzlarek-seattle-history/15694031/

And yes, they did misspell my last name. It's traditional.

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

Shoreline Redefined

 
I love this waterfront shot from the 1890's taken near the foot of present-day Broad Street. The shoreline was further inland before industry reshaped Seattle's waterfront.
 
Many Native Americans who remained in Seattle after white settlers arrived lived in shacks on the waterfront, including Chief Seattle's daughter, Angeline (Kick-is-om-lo in Lushootseed). Renting a dugout canoe was a common way to get around the waterfront, or to West Seattle.



 

Regrade-avaganza

Seattle would have looked a lot more like San Francisco today if the city leaders hadn't decided to smooth out a lot of the hills downtown. Low areas were raised by building a new street level, sealing off the original ground floors and creating Seattle's famous underground. High points were blasted with fire hoses and dumped into Elliott Bay via various sluiceways and conveyors. Hundreds of structures were either moved or destroyed. It took decades to complete and the result is a town that is... uh... well, still pretty damned hilly. Here are some regrade photos juxtaposed with the present day.
 
Looking towards King St. Station (the little pointy thing in the middle) in 1909. The original was shot more to the left (closer to Weller St.), but this still works pretty well. Seattle was pretty apocalyptic looking for some time. 


A freshly regraded view of 4th in 1909 vs. the same intersection today



Denny Hill as seen from 2nd and Pine, with the soon-to-be destroyed Denny Hotel. The hill was slightly more to the right, but I had trouble lining up the shot.



A before and after at 6th and Marion with buildings from 1914.





Plummer's Store


1st (formerly Commercial) & Main in 1869 and today. The waterfront was a lot further inland before the landfill and seawall were added.

UPDATE: Wow. Is my face red (seriously... it was really sunny today). All the attention these images have been getting has had one great result: People can point out things I mess up. Seattle historian Ron K. Edge was kind enough to point out that my image at 1st and Main wasn't correct the first time around. The image featuring Plummer's Store from 1869 was one of my first attempts at compositing past and present photographs. I've since learned a lot about the layout of Seattle over previous decades, but I clearly still have a lot to learn! Here is the image again, this time at the right intersection. Thanks, Ron!


Ducks & Unrest


A couple of Seattle's iconic Duck tour bus-boat-things headed into a labor demonstration on 7th street in 1919.

The Home Stomping Grounds

I'm originally from Kitsap County, so I rounded up some images in and around Bremerton and Silverdale, Washington. First, Washington Avenue around 1909.
 


 
2nd Avenue in 1940. The shipyard building is still there today, but all the businesses here are long-gone. The Rialto Theater was damaged in the quake of 1949 and subsequently demolished. Bremerton had a busy, vibrant downtown back then.



A Boy Scout parade in downtown Bremerton, 1946. Let's catch that new movie "Spellbound" with Gregory Peck!

 
This is mostly for my Kitsap peeps. It's not filled with historic significance, but back in the day Silverdale only had one four-way stop with a red flashing light at the intersection of Bucklin Hill Road and Silverdale Way. The White Light Tavern was one of the town's finer cultural attractions.




Carriages: Horsed & Horseless


4th and Columbia in 1905. I like how the retaining wall from both eras line up. The distinctive building in the middle is the venerable Rainier Club.


 

Seattle Fire Aftermath - 1889 + Today

The Occidental Hotel was a gorgeous building that stood where we find the "sinking ship" parking garage today near Pioneer Square. The older photo dates from the mid 1880's.


 
The Occidental only stood for only seven years. It was one of the many casualties of the Great Fire of 1889. The sad remnants of the fa├žade and entryway line up pretty well with the parking garage here.



Continuing with another dramatic picture from the Great Fire of 1889. Here's the corner of 1st and Yesler. Whether through fire or civic improvement, Seattle has a tradition of getting periodically flattened.



The ruins in the previous picture would be at our backs here, as we look more directly up 1st from Yesler. Before the fire this intersection contained buildings that separated what was then Front Street (to the north) from Commercial Street (to the south). After the fire, the two streets were united to create the present day 1st Street.






Fun In The Urban Canyon


 
Long before Seafair, Seattle was all about the Golden Potlatch. Up top is a shot from the big parade in 1913 near 2nd and Marion. Interesting that the Google Street View car captured some protesters on the left side of the street. It looks like they're joining the party. The second shot is another Potlatch celebration from between 1911 and 1914, this time just a bit further north on 2nd. Check out the street lights decorated as totem poles.


 

A Painful Journey


Japanese residents boarding a train during their forced relocation to internment camps in 1942. This was shot in front of the ferry terminal on Alaskan Way. It looks like the Marion Street pedestrian bridge is packed with spectators.



 

A Glamorous Mirage



Want to catch that great new band The Sonics? How about The Wailers? It's a generic Walgreen's today, but this site in Des Moines off Highway 99 is where the Spanish Castle ballroom once stood. Built in 1931 and demolished in 1968, Jimi Hendrix played some of his earliest gigs there. His song "Spanish Castle Magic" refers to the venerable venue. The building was just stucco and neon, but it had a great look at night in the late 1930's photo (bottom).


 
 

Cherry Land

 
Pictured here is Tameno Habu Kobata standing in front of her family's Cherry Land flower shop during its peak in 1941. By the end of the year, the business would be closed and the Kobata family interned, along with most other Japanese-Americans in the Northwest. Buildings along this portion of Jackson were later torn down to make way for I-5, which stands over most of the shop's old footprint today.



 
 

The Dubious Beginning

 
This is the Northgate Mall in either the late 1950's or early 1960's, complete with totem poles and a canoe motif above the bus stop. Northgate Mall has the distinction of being America's first shopping mall -- Makes sense for the rainy Northwest, though it looks pretty sunny in the old postcard shot on the left.



 

A City Within A City

 
A lot of cities across America had "Hoovervilles," shanty towns that sprang up after the Great Depression hit. Seattle was no exception. The future home of Terminal 46 was put on hold as the economy worsened, and the land was used for makeshift shacks, mostly occupied by single men. Seattle's Hooverville had about 1,000 residents at its peak, elected its own mayor and enforced hygiene codes. By the time WWII began, the makeshift town was burned and bulldozed, but the site was used for nearly a decade before then.



 

Holiday Wartime in Bremerton

 
 
Downtown Bremerton from the late 1940's, all done up with Christmas lights. That metal scaffold-looking thing just above the star is a stanchion for an anti-aircraft blimp. It's nice to see how the Roxy theater looked when it had its full compliment of neon lights.


 
 

A Pier Full of Awesome

 
Residents of Seattle once looked across Elliot Bay at a glowing beacon of pure fun. Starting in 1907 you could take a trolley or ferry to West Seattle and enjoy the attractions at Luna Park, named after the original on Coney Island. The park had two Vaudeville theaters, the Great Figure Eight Roller Coaster, the Giant Whirl ride, and indoor water attraction called the Natatorium and rotating attractions from baby incubators to the amazing Ostrich Man. The buildings were completely outlined with thousands of electric lights.

But, it didn’t last long. After numerous injuries to patrons and the growing influence of the temperance movement the park was shut down and dismantled after just seven year in 1913, leaving only a few lonely pilings you can still see at low tide and the remnants of the Natatorium’s foundation which became part of Anchor Park.



 

A Fiery End


A B50 Superfortress crashed just after taking off from Boeing Field in 1951. It clipped the Rainier brewery and destroyed the Lester Apartments, killing the six crewmen and five residents on the ground. In a previous life the apartments once had the distinction of being the largest bordello in the world, set up by Seattle's mayor and chief of police, no less. The site is now beneath I-5.